Growing beetroot Growing tomatoes Growing onions Growing vegetables Growing carrots Growing chilies Growing brinjals

A month to month sowing guide for vegetable crops

Mid-Fall (October in the Northern Hemisphere • April in the Southern Hemisphere)

  • Aubergines (Only in hot areas) - Aubergines take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (bush) (Only in frost-free areas) - Beans (bush) take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2.5 ft (45 - 75 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 in (7.5 - 12.5 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (pole) (Only in frost-free areas) - Beans (pole) take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 6 - 9 in (15 - 22 cm) between plants.
  • Beetroots - Beetroots take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (45 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 in (5 - 7.5 cm) between plants.
  • Brinjals (Only in hot areas) - Brinjals take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Broccoli - Broccoli take 3 to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 18 in (45 cm) between plants.
  • Brussels sprouts - Brussels sprouts take 4 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.75 in (2 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 18 in (45 cm) between plants.
  • Cabbages - Cabbages take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.75 in (2 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 - 18 in (30 - 45 cm) between plants.
  • Carrots - Carrots take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.25 - 1.5 ft (40 - 45 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Cauliflower - Cauliflower take 2 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between rows and 18 - 24 in (45 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Chilies (Only in frost-free areas) - Chilies take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Corn (Only in frost-free areas) - Corn take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Cucumbers (Only in hot areas) - Cucumbers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 4 - 6 ft (120 - 180 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Egg plants (Only in hot areas) - Egg plants take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Gem squash (Only in frost-free areas) - Gem squash take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Leeks - Leeks take 6 to 7 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 6 - 8 in (15 - 20 cm) between plants.
  • Lettuce - Lettuce take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 9 - 12 in (22 - 30 cm) between plants.
  • Lima beans (Only in frost-free areas) - Lima beans take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 - 3 ft (75 - 90 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.
  • Marrows (Only in frost-free areas) - Marrows take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Onions - Onions take 6 to 8 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.25 ft (30 - 36 cm) between rows and 4 in (10 cm) between plants.
  • Peppers (Only in frost-free areas) - Peppers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Potatoes (Only in frost-free areas) - Potatoes take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 5 - 6 in (12 - 15 cm) and a distance of 3 ft (90 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Radishes - Radishes take 1 month to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 0.75 - 1.5 ft (15 - 30 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Spinach Beets - Spinach Beets take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Swiss Chard - Swiss Chard take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (staked) (Only in frost-free areas) - Tomatoes (staked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 18 - 24 in (45 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (unstaked) (Only in frost-free areas) - Tomatoes (unstaked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 4 - 5 ft (120 - 150 cm) between rows and 3 ft (90 cm) between plants.
  • Turnips - Turnips take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 ft (30 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.

Late Fall (November in the Northern Hemisphere • May in the Southern Hemisphere)

  • Aubergines (Only in hot areas) - Aubergines take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (bush) (Only in frost-free areas) - Beans (bush) take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2.5 ft (45 - 75 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 in (7.5 - 12.5 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (pole) (Only in frost-free areas) - Beans (pole) take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 6 - 9 in (15 - 22 cm) between plants.
  • Beetroots (Caution in very cold areas) - Beetroots take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (45 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 in (5 - 7.5 cm) between plants.
  • Brinjals (Only in hot areas) - Brinjals take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Broad beans - Broad beans take 4 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 2 in (5 cm) and a distance of 3 ft (90 cm) between rows and 6 in (15 cm) between plants.
  • Broccoli - Broccoli take 3 to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 18 in (45 cm) between plants.
  • Brussels sprouts - Brussels sprouts take 4 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.75 in (2 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 18 in (45 cm) between plants.
  • Cabbages (Caution in very cold areas) - Cabbages take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.75 in (2 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 - 18 in (30 - 45 cm) between plants.
  • Carrots (Caution in very cold areas) - Carrots take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.25 - 1.5 ft (40 - 45 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Celery (Provide protection in cold areas) - Celery take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (45 cm) between rows and 6 in (15 cm) between plants.
  • Chilies (Only in hot areas) - Chilies take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Corn (Only in hot areas) - Corn take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Cucumbers (Only in hot areas) - Cucumbers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 4 - 6 ft (120 - 180 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Egg plants (Only in hot areas) - Egg plants take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • 150 cm) - 150 cm) take to mature. Plant at a depth of and a distance of between rows and between plants.
  • Leeks (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Leeks take 6 to 7 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 6 - 8 in (15 - 20 cm) between plants.
  • Lettuce (Provide protection in frosty areas) - Lettuce take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 9 - 12 in (22 - 30 cm) between plants.
  • Lima beans (Only in frost-free areas) - Lima beans take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 - 3 ft (75 - 90 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.
  • Marrows (Only in frost-free areas) - Marrows take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Onions - Onions take 6 to 8 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.25 ft (30 - 36 cm) between rows and 4 in (10 cm) between plants.
  • Peas (Only in frost-free or low frost areas) - Peas take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 2 in (5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (75 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 in (5 - 7.5 cm) between plants.
  • Peppers (Only in hot areas) - Peppers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Pumpkins (Only in hot areas) - Pumpkins take 4 to 6 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 4 ft (120 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Radishes - Radishes take 1 month to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 0.75 - 1.5 ft (15 - 30 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (staked) (Only in frost-free areas) - Tomatoes (staked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 18 - 24 in (45 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (unstaked) (Only in frost-free areas) - Tomatoes (unstaked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 4 - 5 ft (120 - 150 cm) between rows and 3 ft (90 cm) between plants.
  • Turnips - Turnips take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 ft (30 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.

Early Winter (December in the Northern Hemisphere • June in the Southern Hemisphere)

  • Aubergines (Only in frost-free areas) - Aubergines take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (bush) (Only in frost-free areas) - Beans (bush) take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2.5 ft (45 - 75 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 in (7.5 - 12.5 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (pole) (Only in frost-free areas) - Beans (pole) take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 6 - 9 in (15 - 22 cm) between plants.
  • Beetroots - Beetroots take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (45 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 in (5 - 7.5 cm) between plants.
  • Brinjals (Only in frost-free areas) - Brinjals take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Broccoli - Broccoli take 3 to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 18 in (45 cm) between plants.
  • Cabbages - Cabbages take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.75 in (2 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 - 18 in (30 - 45 cm) between plants.
  • Carrots - Carrots take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.25 - 1.5 ft (40 - 45 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Chilies (Only in frost-free areas) - Chilies take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Corn (Only in frost-free areas) - Corn take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Cucumbers (Only in hot areas) - Cucumbers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 4 - 6 ft (120 - 180 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Egg plants (Only in frost-free areas) - Egg plants take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Gem squash (Only in frost-free areas) - Gem squash take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Leeks (Only in cool areas) - Leeks take 6 to 7 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 6 - 8 in (15 - 20 cm) between plants.
  • Lettuce - Lettuce take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 9 - 12 in (22 - 30 cm) between plants.
  • Lima beans (Only in frost-free areas) - Lima beans take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 - 3 ft (75 - 90 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.
  • Marrows (Only in frost-free areas) - Marrows take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Onions - Onions take 6 to 8 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.25 ft (30 - 36 cm) between rows and 4 in (10 cm) between plants.
  • Peas - Peas take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 2 in (5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (75 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 in (5 - 7.5 cm) between plants.
  • Peppers (Only in frost-free areas) - Peppers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Pumpkins (Only in hot areas) - Pumpkins take 4 to 6 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 4 ft (120 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Radishes - Radishes take 1 month to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 0.75 - 1.5 ft (15 - 30 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Spinach Beets - Spinach Beets take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Swiss Chard - Swiss Chard take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (staked) (Only in frost-free areas) - Tomatoes (staked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 18 - 24 in (45 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (unstaked) (Only in frost-free areas) - Tomatoes (unstaked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 4 - 5 ft (120 - 150 cm) between rows and 3 ft (90 cm) between plants.
  • Turnips - Turnips take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 ft (30 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.

Mid-Winter (January in the Northern Hemisphere • July in the Southern Hemisphere)

  • Aubergines (Only in frost-free areas) - Aubergines take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (bush) (Only in frost-free areas) - Beans (bush) take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2.5 ft (45 - 75 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 in (7.5 - 12.5 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (pole) (Only in frost-free areas) - Beans (pole) take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 6 - 9 in (15 - 22 cm) between plants.
  • Beetroots - Beetroots take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (45 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 in (5 - 7.5 cm) between plants.
  • Brinjals (Only in frost-free areas) - Brinjals take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Broccoli - Broccoli take 3 to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 18 in (45 cm) between plants.
  • Carrots - Carrots take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.25 - 1.5 ft (40 - 45 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Chilies (Only in frost-free areas) - Chilies take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Corn (Only in frost-free areas) - Corn take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Cucumbers (Only in hot areas) - Cucumbers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 4 - 6 ft (120 - 180 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Egg plants (Only in frost-free areas) - Egg plants take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Gem squash (Only in frost-free areas) - Gem squash take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Leeks (Only in mild areas) - Leeks take 6 to 7 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 6 - 8 in (15 - 20 cm) between plants.
  • Lettuce - Lettuce take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 9 - 12 in (22 - 30 cm) between plants.
  • Lima beans (Only in frost-free areas) - Lima beans take 2½ to 4 months) - Lima beans take to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 - 3 ft (75 - 90 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.
  • Marrows (Only in frost-free areas) - Marrows take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Onions (Bulbs will be smaller than usual) - Onions take 6 to 8 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.25 ft (30 - 36 cm) between rows and 4 in (10 cm) between plants.
  • Peas (Only in cool areas) - Peas take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 2 in (5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (75 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 in (5 - 7.5 cm) between plants.
  • Peppers (Only in frost-free areas) - Peppers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Potatoes (Except in hot areas or where there's a risk of late frost) - Potatoes take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 5 - 6 in (12 - 15 cm) and a distance of 3 ft (90 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Pumpkins (Only in frost-free areas) - Pumpkins take 4 to 6 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 4 ft (120 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Radishes - Radishes take 1 month to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 0.75 - 1.5 ft (15 - 30 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Spinach Beets - Spinach Beets take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Swiss Chard - Swiss Chard take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (staked) (Provide protection in frosty areas) - Tomatoes (staked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 18 - 24 in (45 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (unstaked) (Provide protection in frosty areas) - Tomatoes (unstaked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 4 - 5 ft (120 - 150 cm) between rows and 3 ft (90 cm) between plants.
  • Turnips - Turnips take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 ft (30 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.

Late Winter (February in the Northern Hemisphere • August in the Southern Hemisphere)

  • Aubergines (Provide protection in cold areas) - Aubergines take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (bush) (Only in frost-free areas) - Beans (bush) take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2.5 ft (45 - 75 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 in (7.5 - 12.5 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (pole) (Only in frost-free areas) - Beans (pole) take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 6 - 9 in (15 - 22 cm) between plants.
  • Beetroots - Beetroots take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (45 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 in (5 - 7.5 cm) between plants.
  • Brinjals (Provide protection in cold areas) - Brinjals take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Broccoli - Broccoli take 3 to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 18 in (45 cm) between plants.
  • Cabbages - Cabbages take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.75 in (2 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 - 18 in (30 - 45 cm) between plants.
  • Carrots - Carrots take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.25 - 1.5 ft (40 - 45 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Chilies (Provide protection in cool and cold areas) - Chilies take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Corn (Only in frost-free areas) - Corn take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Cucumbers (Only in frost-free areas) - Cucumbers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 4 - 6 ft (120 - 180 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Egg plants (Provide protection in cold areas) - Egg plants take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Gem squash (Only in frost-free areas) - Gem squash take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Leeks (Only in cool areas) - Leeks take 6 to 7 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 6 - 8 in (15 - 20 cm) between plants.
  • Lettuce - Lettuce take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 9 - 12 in (22 - 30 cm) between plants.
  • Lima beans (Only in frost-free areas) - Lima beans take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 - 3 ft (75 - 90 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.
  • Marrows (Only in frost-free areas) - Marrows take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Onions (Seedbed for sets) - Onions take 6 to 8 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.25 ft (30 - 36 cm) between rows and 4 in (10 cm) between plants.
  • Peas (Only in cool areas) - Peas take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 2 in (5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (75 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 in (5 - 7.5 cm) between plants.
  • Peppers (Provide protection in cool and cold areas) - Peppers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Potatoes (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Potatoes take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 5 - 6 in (12 - 15 cm) and a distance of 3 ft (90 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Pumpkins (Only in frost-free areas) - Pumpkins take 4 to 6 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 4 ft (120 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Radishes - Radishes take 1 month to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 0.75 - 1.5 ft (15 - 30 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Spinach Beets (Only in cool areas) - Spinach Beets take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Swiss Chard (Only in cool areas) - Swiss Chard take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (staked) (Provide protection in cool and cold areas) - Tomatoes (staked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 18 - 24 in (45 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (unstaked) (Provide protection in cool and cold areas) - Tomatoes (unstaked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 4 - 5 ft (120 - 150 cm) between rows and 3 ft (90 cm) between plants.
  • Turnips - Turnips take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 ft (30 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.

Early Spring (March in the Northern Hemisphere • September in the Southern Hemisphere)

  • Aubergines (Provide protection for seedbeds and transplant when danger of frost has past) - Aubergines take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (bush) (Only when danger of frost has past) - Beans (bush) take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2.5 ft (45 - 75 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 in (7.5 - 12.5 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (pole) (Only when danger of frost has past) - Beans (pole) take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 6 - 9 in (15 - 22 cm) between plants.
  • Beetroots (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Beetroots take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (45 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 in (5 - 7.5 cm) between plants.
  • Brinjals (Provide protection for seedbeds and transplant when danger of frost has past) - Brinjals take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Broccoli (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Broccoli take 3 to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 18 in (45 cm) between plants.
  • Cabbages - Cabbages take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.75 in (2 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 - 18 in (30 - 45 cm) between plants.
  • Carrots (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Carrots take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.25 - 1.5 ft (40 - 45 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Chilies (Provide protection for seedbeds and transplant when danger of frost has past) - Chilies take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Corn (Only when danger of frost has past) - Corn take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Cucumbers (Only in frost-free areas) - Cucumbers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 4 - 6 ft (120 - 180 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Egg plants (Provide protection for seedbeds and transplant when danger of frost has past) - Egg plants take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Gem squash (Only when danger of frost has past) - Gem squash take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Leeks (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Leeks take 6 to 7 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 6 - 8 in (15 - 20 cm) between plants.
  • Lettuce - Lettuce take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 9 - 12 in (22 - 30 cm) between plants.
  • Lima beans - Lima beans take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 - 3 ft (75 - 90 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.
  • Marrows (Only when danger of frost has past) - Marrows take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Peppers (Provide protection for seedbeds and transplant when danger of frost has past) - Peppers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Potatoes (Only in cool areas) - Potatoes take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 5 - 6 in (12 - 15 cm) and a distance of 3 ft (90 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Pumpkins (Only when danger of frost has past) - Pumpkins take 4 to 6 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 4 ft (120 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Radishes - Radishes take 1 month to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 0.75 - 1.5 ft (15 - 30 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Spinach Beets (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Spinach Beets take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Swiss Chard (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Swiss Chard take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (staked) (Provide protection for seedbeds and transplant when danger of frost has past) - Tomatoes (staked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 18 - 24 in (45 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (unstaked) (Provide protection for seedbeds and transplant when danger of frost has past) - Tomatoes (unstaked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 4 - 5 ft (120 - 150 cm) between rows and 3 ft (90 cm) between plants.
  • Turnips (Only in cool areas) - Turnips take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 ft (30 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.

Mid-Spring (April in the Northern Hemisphere • October in the Southern Hemisphere)

  • Aubergines - Aubergines take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (bush) - Beans (bush) take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2.5 ft (45 - 75 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 in (7.5 - 12.5 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (pole) - Beans (pole) take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 6 - 9 in (15 - 22 cm) between plants.
  • Beetroots (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Beetroots take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (45 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 in (5 - 7.5 cm) between plants.
  • Brinjals - Brinjals take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Broccoli (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Broccoli take 3 to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 18 in (45 cm) between plants.
  • Cabbages (Except in hot wet areas) - Cabbages take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.75 in (2 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 - 18 in (30 - 45 cm) between plants.
  • Carrots (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Carrots take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.25 - 1.5 ft (40 - 45 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Chilies - Chilies take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Corn - Corn take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Cucumbers - Cucumbers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 4 - 6 ft (120 - 180 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Egg plants - Egg plants take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Gem squash - Gem squash take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Leeks (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Leeks take 6 to 7 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 6 - 8 in (15 - 20 cm) between plants.
  • Lettuce (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Lettuce take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 9 - 12 in (22 - 30 cm) between plants.
  • Lima beans - Lima beans take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 - 3 ft (75 - 90 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.
  • Marrows - Marrows take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Peppers - Peppers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Potatoes (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Potatoes take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 5 - 6 in (12 - 15 cm) and a distance of 3 ft (90 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Pumpkins - Pumpkins take 4 to 6 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 4 ft (120 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Radishes - Radishes take 1 month to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 0.75 - 1.5 ft (15 - 30 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Spinach Beets (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Spinach Beets take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Swiss Chard (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Swiss Chard take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (staked) - Tomatoes (staked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 18 - 24 in (45 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (unstaked) - Tomatoes (unstaked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 4 - 5 ft (120 - 150 cm) between rows and 3 ft (90 cm) between plants.
  • Turnips (Only in cool areas) - Turnips take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 ft (30 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.

Late Spring (May in the Northern Hemisphere • November in the Southern Hemisphere)

  • Aubergines - Aubergines take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (bush) - Beans (bush) take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2.5 ft (45 - 75 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 in (7.5 - 12.5 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (pole) - Beans (pole) take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 6 - 9 in (15 - 22 cm) between plants.
  • Beetroots (Only in cool areas) - Beetroots take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (45 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 in (5 - 7.5 cm) between plants.
  • Brinjals - Brinjals take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Broccoli (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Broccoli take 3 to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 18 in (45 cm) between plants.
  • Cabbages (Except in very hot areas) - Cabbages take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.75 in (2 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 - 18 in (30 - 45 cm) between plants.
  • Carrots (Only in cool areas) - Carrots take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.25 - 1.5 ft (40 - 45 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Chilies - Chilies take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Corn - Corn take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Cucumbers - Cucumbers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 4 - 6 ft (120 - 180 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Egg plants - Egg plants take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Gem squash - Gem squash take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Lettuce (Only in cool areas) - Lettuce take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 9 - 12 in (22 - 30 cm) between plants.
  • Lima beans - Lima beans take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 - 3 ft (75 - 90 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.
  • Marrows - Marrows take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Peppers - Peppers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Potatoes (Only in cool areas) - Potatoes take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 5 - 6 in (12 - 15 cm) and a distance of 3 ft (90 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Pumpkins - Pumpkins take 4 to 6 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 4 ft (120 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Radishes (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Radishes take 1 month to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 0.75 - 1.5 ft (15 - 30 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Spinach Beets (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Spinach Beets take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Swiss Chard (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Swiss Chard take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (staked) - Tomatoes (staked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 18 - 24 in (45 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (unstaked) - Tomatoes (unstaked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 4 - 5 ft (120 - 150 cm) between rows and 3 ft (90 cm) between plants.
  • Turnips (Only in cool areas) - Turnips take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 ft (30 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.

Early Summer (June in the Northern Hemisphere • December in the Southern Hemisphere)

  • Aubergines (Only in frost-free areas) - Aubergines take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (bush) (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Beans take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2.5 ft (45 - 75 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 in (7.5 - 12.5 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (pole) (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Beans take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 6 - 9 in (15 - 22 cm) between plants.
  • Beetroots (Only in cool areas) - Beetroots take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (45 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 in (5 - 7.5 cm) between plants.
  • Brinjals (Only in frost-free areas) - Brinjals take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Broccoli (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Broccoli take 3 to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 18 in (45 cm) between plants.
  • Cabbages (Except in very hot areas) - Cabbages take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.75 in (2 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 - 18 in (30 - 45 cm) between plants.
  • Carrots (Only in cool areas) - Carrots take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.25 - 1.5 ft (40 - 45 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Celery (Only in cool areas) - Celery take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (45 cm) between rows and 6 in (15 cm) between plants.
  • Chilies - Chilies take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Corn - Corn take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Cucumbers - Cucumbers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 4 - 6 ft (120 - 180 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Egg plants (Only in frost-free areas) - Egg plants take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Gem squash (Except in very hot areas) - Gem squash take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Leeks (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Leeks take 6 to 7 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 6 - 8 in (15 - 20 cm) between plants.
  • Lettuce (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Lettuce take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 9 - 12 in (22 - 30 cm) between plants.
  • Lima beans (Except in hot and very hot areas) - Lima beans take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 - 3 ft (75 - 90 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.
  • Marrows - Marrows take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Peppers - Peppers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Potatoes (Only in cool areas) - Potatoes take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 5 - 6 in (12 - 15 cm) and a distance of 3 ft (90 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Pumpkins (Except in very hot areas) - Pumpkins take 4 to 6 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 4 ft (120 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Radishes (Except in very hot areas) - Radishes take 1 month to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 0.75 - 1.5 ft (15 - 30 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Spinach Beets (Except in very hot areas) - Spinach Beets take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Swiss Chard (Except in very hot areas) - Swiss Chard take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (staked) - Tomatoes (staked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 18 - 24 in (45 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (unstaked) - Tomatoes (unstaked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 4 - 5 ft (120 - 150 cm) between rows and 3 ft (90 cm) between plants.
  • Turnips (Only in cool areas) - Turnips take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 ft (30 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.

Mid-Summer (July in the Northern Hemisphere • January in the Southern Hemisphere)

  • Aubergines (Only in frost-free areas) - Aubergines take 2 and a half to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (bush) - Beans (bush) take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2.5 ft (45 - 75 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 in (7.5 - 12.5 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (pole) - Beans (pole) take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 6 - 9 in (15 - 22 cm) between plants.
  • Beetroots (Only in cool areas) - Beetroots take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (45 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 in (5 - 7.5 cm) between plants.
  • Brinjals (Only in frost-free areas) - Brinjals take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Broccoli (Only in cool areas) - Broccoli take 3 to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 18 in (45 cm) between plants.
  • Cabbages - Cabbages take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.75 in (2 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 - 18 in (30 - 45 cm) between plants.
  • Carrots (Only in cool areas) - Carrots take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.25 - 1.5 ft (40 - 45 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Cauliflower - Cauliflower take 2 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between rows and 18 - 24 in (45 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Chilies (Only transplant in cool areas) - Chilies take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Corn - Corn take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Cucumbers - Cucumbers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 4 - 6 ft (120 - 180 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Egg plants (Only in frost-free areas) - Egg plants take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Gem squash - Gem squash take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Leeks - Leeks take 6 to 7 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 6 - 8 in (15 - 20 cm) between plants.
  • Lettuce (Only in cool areas) - Lettuce take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 9 - 12 in (22 - 30 cm) between plants.
  • Lima beans - Lima beans take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 - 3 ft (75 - 90 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.
  • Marrows - Marrows take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Peppers (Only transplant in cool areas) - Peppers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Potatoes (Only in cool areas) - Potatoes take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 5 - 6 in (12 - 15 cm) and a distance of 3 ft (90 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Pumpkins (Only in warm areas) - Pumpkins take 4 to 6 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 4 ft (120 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Radishes - Radishes take 1 month to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 0.75 - 1.5 ft (15 - 30 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Spinach Beets (Except in very hot areas) - Spinach Beets take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Swiss Chard (Except in very hot areas) - Swiss Chard take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (staked) (Only transplant in cool areas) - Tomatoes (staked) take 2 and a half to 3 to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 18 - 24 in (45 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (unstaked) (Only transplant in cool areas) - Tomatoes (unstaked) take 2 and a half to 3 to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 4 - 5 ft (120 - 150 cm) between rows and 3 ft (90 cm) between plants.
  • Turnips (Only in cool areas) - Turnips take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 ft (30 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.

Late Summer (August in the Northern Hemisphere • February in the Southern Hemisphere)

  • Aubergines (Only in frost-free areas) - Aubergines take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (bush) (Early in the month in cool areas) - Beans (bush) take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2.5 ft (45 - 75 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 in (7.5 - 12.5 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (pole) (Early in the month in cool areas) - Beans (pole) take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 6 - 9 in (15 - 22 cm) between plants.
  • Beetroots - Beetroots take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (45 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 in (5 - 7.5 cm) between plants.
  • Brinjals (Only in frost-free areas) - Brinjals take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Broccoli - Broccoli take 3 to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 18 in (45 cm) between plants.
  • Brussels sprouts - Brussels sprouts take 4 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.75 in (2 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 18 in (45 cm) between plants.
  • Cabbages - Cabbages take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.75 in (2 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 - 18 in (30 - 45 cm) between plants.
  • Carrots - Carrots take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.25 - 1.5 ft (40 - 45 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Cauliflower - Cauliflower take 2 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between rows and 18 - 24 in (45 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Celery - Celery take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (45 cm) between rows and 6 in (15 cm) between plants.
  • Chilies (Only in frost-free areas) - Chilies take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Corn (Only in frost-free areas) - Corn take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Cucumbers (Only in frost-free areas) - Cucumbers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 4 - 6 ft (120 - 180 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Egg plants (Only in frost-free areas) - Egg plants take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Gem squash (Only in frost-free areas) - Gem squash take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Leeks (Only in frost-free areas) - Leeks take 6 to 7 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 6 - 8 in (15 - 20 cm) between plants.
  • Lettuce - Lettuce take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 9 - 12 in (22 - 30 cm) between plants.
  • Lima beans (Early in the month in cool areas) - Lima beans take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 - 3 ft (75 - 90 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.
  • Marrows (Only in frost-free areas) - Marrows take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Onions (Only in frost-free areas) - Onions take 6 to 8 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.25 ft (30 - 36 cm) between rows and 4 in (10 cm) between plants.
  • Peppers (Only in frost-free areas) - Peppers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Potatoes (Only in frost-free areas) - Potatoes take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 5 - 6 in (12 - 15 cm) and a distance of 3 ft (90 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Pumpkins (Only in frost-free areas) - Pumpkins take 4 to 6 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 4 ft (120 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Radishes - Radishes take 1 month to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 0.75 - 1.5 ft (15 - 30 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Spinach Beets - Spinach Beets take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Swiss Chard - Swiss Chard take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.5 ft (30 - 45 cm) between rows and 9 in (22 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (staked) (Only in frost-free areas) - Tomatoes (staked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 18 - 24 in (45 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (unstaked) (Only in frost-free areas) - Tomatoes (unstaked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 4 - 5 ft (120 - 150 cm) between rows and 3 ft (90 cm) between plants.

Early Fall (September in the Northern Hemisphere • March in the Southern Hemisphere)

  • Aubergines (Only in hot areas) - Aubergines take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (bush) (Only in frost-free areas) - Beans (bush) take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2.5 ft (45 - 75 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 in (7.5 - 12.5 cm) between plants.
  • Beans (pole) (Only in frost-free areas) - Beans (pole) take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 6 - 9 in (15 - 22 cm) between plants.
  • Beetroots - Beetroots take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (45 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 in (5 - 7.5 cm) between plants.
  • Brinjals (Only in hot areas) - Brinjals take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Broccoli - Broccoli take 3 to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 18 in (45 cm) between plants.
  • Brussels sprouts - Brussels sprouts take 4 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.75 in (2 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 18 in (45 cm) between plants.
  • Cabbages - Cabbages take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.75 in (2 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 - 18 in (30 - 45 cm) between plants.
  • Carrots - Carrots take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.25 - 1.5 ft (40 - 45 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Celery (Provide protection in cold areas) - Celery take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (45 cm) between rows and 6 in (15 cm) between plants.
  • Chilies (Only in frost-free areas) - Chilies take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Corn (Only in frost-free areas) - Corn take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Egg plants (Only in hot areas) - Egg plants take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 - 1 in (1.5 - 3 cm) and a distance of 2 ft (60 cm) between rows and 24 in (60 cm) between plants.
  • Gem squash (Only in frost-free areas) - Gem squash take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Lettuce - Lettuce take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 2 ft (30 - 60 cm) between rows and 9 - 12 in (22 - 30 cm) between plants.
  • Lima beans (Only in frost-free areas) - Lima beans take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 - 3 ft (75 - 90 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.
  • Marrows (Only in frost-free areas) - Marrows take 2½ to 3½ months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 6 - 9 ft (180 - 270 cm) between rows and 3 - 5 ft (90 - 150 cm) between plants.
  • Onions - Onions take 6 to 8 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 - 1.25 ft (30 - 36 cm) between rows and 4 in (10 cm) between plants.
  • Peas (Only in frost-free areas) - Peas take 2½ to 4 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 2 in (5 cm) and a distance of 2.5 ft (75 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 in (5 - 7.5 cm) between plants.
  • Peppers (Only in frost-free areas) - Peppers take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 1.5 - 3 ft (45 - 90 cm) between rows and 12 - 24 in (30 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Potatoes (Only in frost-free areas) - Potatoes take 3 to 5 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 5 - 6 in (12 - 15 cm) and a distance of 3 ft (90 cm) between rows and 12 in (30 cm) between plants.
  • Pumpkins (Only in hot areas) - Pumpkins take 4 to 6 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 1.5 - 2 in (4 - 5 cm) and a distance of 4 ft (120 cm) between rows and 2 - 3 ft (60 - 90 cm) between plants.
  • Radishes - Radishes take 1 month to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.5 in (1.5 cm) and a distance of 0.75 - 1.5 ft (15 - 30 cm) between rows and 1 in (2.5 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (staked) (Only in frost-free areas) - Tomatoes (staked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 3 - 4 ft (90 - 120 cm) between rows and 18 - 24 in (45 - 60 cm) between plants.
  • Tomatoes (unstaked) (Only in frost-free areas) - Tomatoes (unstaked) take 2½ to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 in (0.5 cm) and a distance of 4 - 5 ft (120 - 150 cm) between rows and 3 ft (90 cm) between plants.
  • Turnips - Turnips take 2 to 3 months to mature. Plant at a depth of 0.25 - 0.5 in (0.5 - 1.5 cm) and a distance of 1 ft (30 cm) between rows and 4 - 6 in (10 - 15 cm) between plants.